Road Map to Environmental Legislation

Table Of Contents

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER 1: ROAD MAP 3
How to use this book 3
Environmental law and management fields 7
Environmental governance 7
Water management 9
Air quality 10
Noise pollution 10
Visual and sense of place degradation 11
Radioactive emissions 11
Light pollution 12
Waste management 12
Energy management 13
Mining management 14
Agricultural management 14
Forestry management 15
Nature conservation 15
Heritag protection 16
Planning 16
Environmental Management Systems (EMSs) 17
Just administrative action 17
Environmental communication and consultation 18
General environmental management principles enforceable by law 19
Land use on merit 19
Trusteeship 19
Holistic evaluation 19
Sustainable development 19
Maximising benefits 20
Considering cumulative impacts 20
The Internalisation of external costs 20
Considering alternatives 20
The precautionary principle 20
Rehabilitation 20
The common law delict of nuisance 20
The common law principle of the audi alterem partem rule 21
Other sources of law 21
Common Law 21
Acts of Parliament 21
Provincial legislation 21
Legislation of previous provinces 22
Pre-1994 constitutional arrangements 22
Local government 22
Guideline documents 22
CHAPTER 2: SELECTED EXTRACTS FROM ENVIRONMENTAL
LEGISLATION
Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act, 43 of 1983 25
Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Act, 108 of 1996 32
Development Facilitation Act, 67 of 1995 35
Environment Conservation Act, 73 of 1989 38
Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act, 28 of 45
National Environmental Management Act, 107 of 1998 66
National Environment Management: Air Quality Act, 39 of 2004 110
National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, 10 of 2004 120
National Environmental ManagementL Integrated Coastal Management 126
Act, 24 of 2008
National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act, 57 of 200 134
National Environmental Management: Waste Act, 59 of 2008 143
National Forests Act, 84 of 1998 154
National Heritage Resources Act, 25 of 1999 158
National Veld and Forest Fire Act, 101 of 1998 164
National Water Act, 36 of 1998 167
Occupational Health and Safety Act, 85 of 1993 194
Promotion of Access to Information Act, 2 of 2000 203
Promotion of Administrative Justice Act, 3 of 2000 208
Subdivision of Agricultural Land Act, 70 of 1970 210
Water Services Act, 108 of 1997 212
World Heritage Convention Act, 108 of 1997 216
CHAPTER 3 - ALPHABETICAL LIST OF LEGISLATION
National legislation 222
Provincial legislation 239
CHAPTER 4: INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS
International agreements on environmental issues 253
Agreement on the Law of the Sea 254
Agreement on the conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels 254
Antartic Treaty 255
Basel Convention 255
Bonn Convention (CMS) 256
Convention on Biological Diversity 256
Nagoya Protocol 256
Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources 257
CITES 257
International convention for the regulation of Whaling (IWC) 257
Kyoto Protocol 258
Persistent Organic Pollutants 258
Protocol for the protection of the ozone layer (Montreal protocol) 258
Ramsar Convention 259
Rotterdam (PIC) 259
UNCCD 259
UNFCCC 260
UNCLOS 260
World Heritage Convention 260
Regional agreements 261
CHAPTER 5: GUIDELINES
The financial quantification of environmental impacts 265
Environmental management systems and legal compliance 266
Sense of Place 270
Visual quality evaluation and management 273
Carbon credits 276
Renewable energy and its role in energy management 278
Environmental communication 282
Fiscal measures and economic instruments to promote environmental 284
protection
CHAPTER 6: CASE LAW 287
CHAPTER 7: USEFUL LINKS 319