Geoenvironmental Engineering Geoenvironmental Impact Management

Table Of Contents

Contents

RECYCLING, REUSE, RECOVERY AND MANAGEMENT

The reuse of municipal solid waste incineration aggregates in manufacturing usual concrete. L. AFRIANI, J. L. QUENEC'H, D. LEVACHER 3

Utilization of fly ash for stabilization/solidification of heavy metal contaminated soils. D. DERMATAS and W. M. KECK 9

Centrifugal dewatering system by use of rubber elasticity. R. FUKAGAWA, K. KAWASHIMA, T. MOHRI, K. TATEYAMA, and T. KATSUMI 15

Environmental suitability assessment of incinerator waste ashes in geotechnical applications. M. KAMON, T. KATSUMI and T. INUI 21

Applicability of ferro-nickel slag as a sand compaction pile method material. M. KTTAZUME, S. MIYAJIMA and T. YASUDA 27

The use of PFA as a fill material and the environment. L. K. A. SEAR and R. COOMBS 33

Estimated recycled aggregate quantities in Scotland. M. G. WINTER and C. HENDERSON 39

RISK MANAGEMENT

Development of a contaminated land analysis and risk assessment application. S. CLEWER, R. N. YONG, I. P. ROWLAND and H. R. THOMAS 51

Risk to construction materials and services on brownfield sites. S. L. GARVIN, P. TEDD, J. P. RIDAL and A. R. J. FISHER 58

Landfill gas migration management through automatic monitoring and control. S. R. HUNNEYBALL 66

Risk assessment and remediation of contaminated land - training material. J. KWAN, D. RUDLAND and N. NESBIT 72

The use of risk ranking schemes to assess potentially contaminated sites. M. PENN, A. S. O'BRIEN and A. J. SMALL 79

Remote sensing techniques for representative environmental sampling design. C. SIMEONI, S. BELLAGAMBA, A. MARINO, M. VILLARINI, G. Ludovisi and A. MOCCALDI 85

Decrease of risk in the design and exploitation of mines. E. V. STANIS and B. I. MASKOVTSEV 89

LEGISLATION AND REGULATORY CONTROL

Environmental legislation and its application to the licensing of remediation of contaminated land. I. J. ANDERS 97

Piling on land affected by contamination: environmental impacts, regulatory concerns and effective solutions. F. J. WESTCOTT, J. W. N. SMITH and C. M. B. LEAN 103

MINE SITES, TAILINGS DAMS, DREDGINGS AND LAGOONS

Performance of a trial embankment on hydraulically placed PFA. T. W. COUSENS and D. I. STEWART 111

The abandonment of tailings lagoons as environmental wetland features - an update (June 2001). D. R. LAMONT, J. R. LEEMING and M. H. K. BRUMBY 121

Advective transport through marine sediment caps. H. Moo-YOUNG, T. MYERS, R. LEDBETTER, B. TARDY and W. VAN-ELLIS 127

Estimation of evaporation from saline tailings dams. T. A. NEWSON and M. FAHEY 137

Tailings in the environment. A. D. M. PENMAN 143

Tailings dams: risk of dangerous occurrences. A. D. M. PENMAN 150

SITE REMEDIATION AND LAND REGENERATION

Applicability of ethanol/bentonite slurry for seepage barriers. M. ASADA and S. HORIUCHI 159

Immobilisation of contaminated soil using ordinary Portland cement and hydrofoam. E. M. BENNETT and A. AL-TABBAA 165

Long-term durability of in-situ auger-mixed stabilised/solidified contaminated made ground. N. BOES AND A. AL-TABBAA 171

Laboratory investigation of optimum conditions for sub-surface biofilm barriers. M. J. BROUGH, A. AL-TABBAA and R. J. MARTIN 177

Laboratory and full-scale behaviour of soil-mixed columns. B. CHITAMBIRA, A. AL-TABBAA and C. W. EVANS 183

Evaluation of leaching tests in contaminated land studies. M. A. CZEREWKO, C. C. SMITH, J. C. CRIPPS, G. M. WILLIAMS, A. SMITH, A. MIDWOOD and K. SUZUKI 189

Rehabilitation of contaminated marine sediments in relation to living things. M. FUKUE, Y. SATO, M. YANAI, M. NAKAMURA and S. YAMASAKI 198

Investigation of the fundamental mechanisms affecting creep settlement of restored opencast coal mine sites. A. K. GOODWIN, M. A. O'NEILL and W. F. ANDERSON 204

Remediation of soil with surfactants in the form of foam and liquid solutions. C. N. MULLIGAN and F. EFTEKHARI 210

The role and influence of clay fraction of marly soils on their geotechnical and geoenvironmental performance. V. R. OUHADI and R. N. YONG 216

Web-based support for a land regeneration network. D. H. OWEN, T. A. MAHDI and H. R. THOMAS 224

The remediation of contaminated land in highway works. J. M. REID and G. T. CLARK 231

Building on brownfield sites - the highwall problem. H. D. SKINNER and J. A. CHARLES 239

Bioremediation - black art or green con? I. M. SUMMERSGILL 245

Impact management during remediation of a former landfill in an urban environment. P. TAUNTON and R. ADAMS 251

NATURAL ATTENUATION, FATE AND TRANSPORT OF POLLUTANTS INCLUDING GAS

Visualization of unstable fingered flow and measurement of fluid contents by light transmission in transient-three-phase oil-water-air systems in sand. C. J. G. DARNAULT, D. A. DICARLO, T. W. J. BAUTERS, J. A. THROOP, T. S. STEENHUIS, J.-Y. PARLANGE and C. D. MONTEMAGNO 259

Growth and migration of gas bubbles for in-situ bioremediation. M. DYER and J. FAULCONBRIDGE 265

Observations on the migration of chlorinated solvents in porous media. M. DYER and C. LAMBERT 271

Soil acidification effect on some physico-chemical soil properties of clayey materials. M. ELZAHABI and R. N. YONG 277

Adsorption-diffusion problem in bentonite clay by a method of molecular dynamics and multiscale homogenization analysis. Y. ICHIKAWA, K. KAWAMURA and K. KITAYAMA 286

MTBE - an overview of a new problem. C. JESUS-RYDIN and O. C. HANSEN 292

Contribution of anaerobic microbial activity to natural attenuation of the 'B' in BTEX. S. J. JOHNSON, K. J. WOOLHOUSE, H. PROMMER, D. A. BARRY and N. CHRISTOFI 300

Experimental investigation on the properties of DNAPLs migration. M. KAMON, K. ENDO and T. KATSUMI 307

The influence of fluctuations in the groundwater table on monitored natural attenuation. R. KATZENBACH, M. VOGLER and A. FEHSENFELD 313

Contaminant transport in shallow free surface aquifers. I. KAZDA and S. FERINOVA 322

Natural attenuation of mine drainage-borne zinc in shallow subsurface soils over permafrost, central Yukon, Canada. D. MACGREGOR and L. Y. Li 328

Flow and transport through clay membrane barriers. M. A. MALUSIS, C. D. SHACKELFORD and H. W. OLSEN 334

GIS and analytical techniques for the evaluation of the occurrence, transport and fate of estrogenic hormones in waste and surface waters. A. MARINO, A. RINALDINI, S. BELLAGAMBA, C. SIMEONI, G. LUDOVISI and A. MOCCALDI 342

Metal adsorption onto gram-negative bacteria from an oil-contaminated site. B. T. NGWENYA 349

A finite element analysis of migration of landfill gas in unsaturated soil. B. PALANANTHAKUMAR and W. J. FERGUSON 355

Theoretical comparison of contaminant transport parameters derived from batch adsorption, diffusion cell and column tests. S. A. RICHARDS and A. BOUAZZA 361

Migration of LNAPL in an unsaturated/saturated sand. R. S. SHARMA and M. H. A. MOHAMED 367

An assessment of the thermal and hydraulic interaction between a clay buffer and host rock. H. R. THOMAS, P. J. CLEALL, H. P. MITCHELL, N.A. CHANDLER and D. A. DIXON 374

Coupled multispeeies transport in geochemical problems. H. R. THOMAS, R. N. YONG, P. J. CLEALL and S. C. SEETHARAM 380

Non-isothermal migration of multiple gas species in partly saturated soil. Z. ZHOU, P. J. CLEALL and H. R. THOMAS 386

DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF LANDFILL SITES

Low-frequency conductivity measurements to monitor ionic migration through landfill liners. J. BLEWETT, W. J. MCCARTER, T. M. CHRISP and G. STARRS 395

The improvement of cartographic documents for landfill site selection. K. S. DUARTE, A. C. S. CORREA and N. M. SOUZA 401

One-dimensional testing of partly saturated soils at elevated temperatures: preliminary results. J. P. FOLLY and S. W. REES 405

Comparison of leachate attenuation characteristics of colliery spoils in field, column and batch tests. R. J. FREEWOOD, J. C. CRIPPS and C. C. SMITH 411

Chemical compatibility of modified bentonite permeated with inorganic chemical solutions. T. KATSUMI, M. ONIKATA, S. HASEGAWA, L-C. LIN, M. KONDO and M. KAMON 419

Evaluation of influence of transport mechanisms on contaminant penetration through landfill lining system. J. KOSTAL 425

Modelling biodegradation in landfill: a parametric study of enzymatic hydrolysis. J. R. MCDOUGALL and I. C. PYRAH 431

Air and water permeability of a compacted soil used in a solid waste landfill in Recife, Brazil. F. A. M. MARINHO, M. C. J. ANDRADE and J. F. T. JucA 437

A case study of landfill construction as a means of land reclamation. S. MOLLARD 443

Factors affecting groundwater flows in worked coal measures. P. MORRISON 449

Laboratory permeability measurements with Mercia Mudstone. E. J. MURRAY, J. DAVIS, P. KEETON and R. G. HILL 455

Study of the water content balance between GCL and soil. M. AL NASSAR, G. DIDIER and D. CAZAUX 464

Effect of waste leachate on geometrical properties of boom clay used as clay barrier. A-S. OURTH and J-C. VERBRUGGE 471

Seepage from landfill sites and from animal waste storage tanks. P. PURCELL, M. LONG, H. SCULLY and T. GLEESON 477

Stabilisation of landfill sites - data collection and analysis of influencing factors. H. TAMBLYN, A. ALANI, C. M. SANGHA and P. J. WALDEN 483

The initial behaviour of domestic refuse in a large-scale test. K. S. WATTS and R. LEWICKI 491

Case HISTORIES

Heat and ammonia associated with jet-grouting in marine clay. A. BRACEGIRDLE and S. A. JEFFERIS 501

Field investigation into the biodegradation of TCE and BTEX at a redeveloped light industrial site. M. DYER 507

A field trial for in-situ bioremediation of 1 -2, DCA. M. DYER, E. VAN HEININGEN AND J. GERRITSE 513

The Echline road construction project: environmental assessment. N. GHAZIREH and H. L. ROBINSON 519

Hydrological and land use controls on phosphorus distribution and movement in an upland landscape. C. KLIEN, M. T. WALTER, T. S. STEENHUIS and S. W. LYON 525

Use of steel sheet piling: Todhole Bum, a case history. A. MACARTHUR, P. YOUNG and J. THEOS 531

Characterisation of landfill waste and subsurface using electrical imaging. M. POKAR, M. H. LOKE and C. Y. LEE 537

The Echline road construction project using sustainable design and construction techniques. H. L. ROBINSON, N. GHAZIREH and H. JEFFREY-WRIGHT 543

The long-term leaching behaviour of a pulverised fuel ash mound. P. G. STUDDS and M. CROSS 550

Hydrochemical properties and environmental isotopes of groundwater of the Quatemary-Pre Quaternary aquifers in El-Arish-Rafah area, northeast Sinai, Egypt. M. A. TANTAWI 559

Field investigations of slurry trench cut-off walls to control pollution migration. P. TEDD 575